Dialog (Modal)

A fully-managed, renderless dialog component jam-packed with accessibility and keyboard features, perfect for building completely custom modal and dialog windows for your next application.

To get started, install Headless UI via npm.

Please note that this library only supports Vue 3.

npm install @headlessui/vue

Dialogs are built using the Dialog, DialogPanel, DialogTitle and DialogDescription components.

When the dialog's open prop is true, the contents of the dialog will render. Focus will be moved inside the dialog and trapped there as the user cycles through the focusable elements. Scroll is locked, the rest of your application UI is hidden from screen readers, and clicking outside the DialogPanel or pressing the Escape key will fire the close event and close the dialog.

<template> <Dialog :open="isOpen" @close="setIsOpen"> <DialogPanel> <DialogTitle>Deactivate account</DialogTitle> <DialogDescription> This will permanently deactivate your account </DialogDescription> <p> Are you sure you want to deactivate your account? All of your data will be permanently removed. This action cannot be undone. </p> <button @click="setIsOpen(false)">Deactivate</button> <button @click="setIsOpen(false)">Cancel</button> </DialogPanel> </Dialog> </template> <script setup> import { ref } from 'vue' import { Dialog, DialogPanel, DialogTitle, DialogDescription, } from '@headlessui/vue' const isOpen = ref(true) function setIsOpen(value) { isOpen.value = value } </script>

If your dialog has a title and description, use the DialogTitle and DialogDescription components to provide the most accessible experience. This will link your title and description to the root dialog component via the aria-labelledby and aria-describedby attributes, ensuring their contents are announced to users using screenreaders when your dialog opens.

Dialogs have no automatic management of their open/closed state. To show and hide your dialog, pass a ref into the open prop. When open is true the dialog will render, and when it's false the dialog will unmount.

The close event fires when an open dialog is dismissed, which happens when the user clicks outside your DialogPanel or presses the Escape key. You can use this event to set open back to false and close your dialog.

<template> <!-- Pass the `isOpen` ref to the `open` prop, and use the `close` event to set the ref back to `false` when the user clicks outside of the dialog or presses the escape key. -->
<Dialog :open="isOpen" @close="setIsOpen">
<DialogPanel> <DialogTitle>Deactivate account</DialogTitle> <DialogDescription> This will permanently deactivate your account </DialogDescription> <p> Are you sure you want to deactivate your account? All of your data will be permanently removed. This action cannot be undone. </p> <!-- You can render additional buttons to dismiss your dialog by setting your `isOpen` state to `false`. --> <button @click="setIsOpen(false)">Cancel</button> <button @click="handleDeactivate">Deactivate</button>
</DialogPanel>
</Dialog> </template> <script setup> import { ref } from 'vue' import { Dialog, DialogPanel, DialogTitle, DialogDescription, } from '@headlessui/vue' // The open/closed state lives outside of the Dialog and // is managed by you. const isOpen = ref(true) function setIsOpen(value) {
isOpen.value = value
} function handleDeactivate() { // ... }
</script>

Style the Dialog and DialogPanel components using the class or style props like you would with any other element. You can also introduce additional elements if needed to achieve a particular design.

<template> <Dialog :open="isOpen" @close="setIsOpen" class="relative z-50"> <div class="fixed inset-0 flex items-center justify-center p-4"> <DialogPanel class="w-full max-w-sm rounded bg-white"> <DialogTitle>Complete your order</DialogTitle> <!-- ... --> </DialogPanel> </div> </Dialog> </template> <script setup> import { ref } from 'vue' import { DialogPanel, DialogTitle, DialogDescription } from '@headlessui/vue' const isOpen = ref(true) function setIsOpen(value) { isOpen.value = value } </script>

Clicking outside the DialogPanel component will close the dialog, so keep that in mind when deciding which element should receive a given style.

If you'd like to add an overlay or backdrop behind your DialogPanel to bring attention to the panel itself, we recommend using a dedicated element just for the backdrop and making it a sibling to your panel container:

<template> <Dialog :open="isOpen" @close="setIsOpen" class="relative z-50"> <!-- The backdrop, rendered as a fixed sibling to the panel container -->
<div class="fixed inset-0 bg-black/30" aria-hidden="true" />
<!-- Full-screen container to center the panel --> <div class="fixed inset-0 flex items-center justify-center p-4"> <!-- The actual dialog panel --> <DialogPanel class="w-full max-w-sm rounded bg-white"> <DialogTitle>Complete your order</DialogTitle> <!-- ... --> </DialogPanel> </div> </Dialog> </template> <script setup> import { ref } from 'vue' import { Dialog, DialogTitle, DialogDescription } from '@headlessui/vue' const isOpen = ref(true) function setIsOpen(value) { isOpen.value = value } </script>

This lets you transition the backdrop and panel independently with their own animations, and rendering it as a sibling ensures that it doesn't interfere with your ability to scroll long dialogs.

Making a dialog scrollable is handled entirely in CSS, and the specific implementation depends on the design you are trying to achieve.

Here's an example where the entire panel container is scrollable, and the panel itself moves as you scroll:

<template> <Dialog :open="isOpen" @close="setIsOpen" class="relative z-50"> <!-- The backdrop, rendered as a fixed sibling to the panel container --> <div class="fixed inset-0 bg-black/30" aria-hidden="true" /> <!-- Full-screen scrollable container -->
<div class="fixed inset-0 overflow-y-auto p-4">
<!-- Container to center the panel -->
<div class="flex min-h-full items-center justify-center">
<!-- The actual dialog panel --> <DialogPanel class="w-full max-w-sm rounded bg-white"> <DialogTitle>Complete your order</DialogTitle> <!-- ... --> </DialogPanel> </div> </div> </Dialog> </template> <script setup> import { ref } from 'vue' import { Dialog, DialogTitle, DialogDescription } from '@headlessui/vue' const isOpen = ref(true) function setIsOpen(value) { isOpen.value = value } </script>

When creating a scrollable dialog with a backdrop, make sure the backdrop is rendered behind the scrollable container, otherwise the scroll wheel won't work when hovering over the backdrop, and the backdrop may obscure the scrollbar and prevent users from clicking it with their mouse.

For accessibility reasons, your dialog should contain at least one focusable element. By default, the Dialog component will focus the first focusable element (by DOM order) once it is rendered, and pressing the Tab key will cycle through all additional focusable elements within the contents.

Focus is trapped within the dialog as long as it is rendered, so tabbing to the end will start cycling back through the beginning again. All other application elements outside of the dialog will be marked as inert and thus not focusable.

If you'd like something other than the first focusable element to receive initial focus when your dialog is initially rendered, you can use the initialFocus ref:

<template>
<Dialog :initialFocus="completeButtonRef" :open="isOpen" @close="setIsOpen">
<DialogPanel> <DialogTitle>Complete your order</DialogTitle> <p>Your order is all ready!</p> <button @click="setIsOpen(false)">Deactivate</button> <!-- Use `initialFocus` to force initial focus to a specific ref. -->
<button ref="completeButtonRef" @click="completeOrder">
Complete order </button> </DialogPanel> </Dialog> </template> <script setup> import { ref } from 'vue' import { Dialog, DialogPanel, DialogTitle, DialogDescription, } from '@headlessui/vue'
const completeButtonRef = ref(null)
const isOpen = ref(true) function setIsOpen(value) { isOpen.value = value } function completeOrder() { // ... }
</script>

If you've ever implemented a Dialog before, you've probably come across the concept of Portals. Portals let you invoke components from one place in the DOM (for instance deep within your application UI), but actually render to another place in the DOM entirely.

Since Dialogs and their backdrops take up the full page, you typically want to render them as a sibling to the root-most node of your application. That way you can rely on natural DOM ordering to ensure that their content is rendered on top of your existing application UI. This also makes it easy to apply scroll locking to the rest of your application, as well as ensure that your Dialog's contents and backdrop are unobstructed to receive focus and click events.

Because of these accessibility concerns, Headless UI's Dialog component actually uses a Portal under-the-hood. This way we can provide features like unobstructed event handling and making the rest of your application inert. So, when using our Dialog, there's no need to use a Portal yourself! We've already taken care of it.

To animate the opening/closing of your dialog, wrap it in Headless UI's TransitionRoot component and remove the open prop from your Dialog, passing your open/closed state to the show prop on the TransitionRoot instead.

<template> <!-- Wrap your dialog in a `TransitionRoot` to add transitions. -->
<TransitionRoot
:show="isOpen"
as="template"
enter="duration-300 ease-out"
enter-from="opacity-0"
enter-to="opacity-100"
leave="duration-200 ease-in"
leave-from="opacity-100"
leave-to="opacity-0"
>
<Dialog @close="setIsOpen"> <DialogPanel> <DialogTitle>Deactivate account</DialogTitle> <!-- ... --> <button @click="isOpen = false">Close</button> </DialogPanel> </Dialog>
</TransitionRoot>
</template> <script setup> import { ref } from 'vue' import {
TransitionRoot,
Dialog, DialogPanel, DialogTitle, }
from '@headlessui/vue' const isOpen = ref(true) function setIsOpen(value) { isOpen.value = value }
</script>

To animate your backdrop and panel separately, wrap your Dialog with a TransitionRoot and wrap your backdrop and panel each with their own TransitionChild:

<template> <!-- Wrap your dialog in a `TransitionRoot`. -->
<TransitionRoot :show="isOpen" as="template">
<Dialog @close="setIsOpen"> <!-- Wrap your backdrop in a `TransitionChild`. -->
<TransitionChild
enter="duration-300 ease-out"
enter-from="opacity-0"
enter-to="opacity-100"
leave="duration-200 ease-in"
leave-from="opacity-100"
leave-to="opacity-0"
>
<div class="fixed inset-0 bg-black/30" />
</TransitionChild>
<!-- Wrap your panel in a `TransitionChild`. -->
<TransitionChild
enter="duration-300 ease-out"
enter-from="opacity-0 scale-95"
enter-to="opacity-100 scale-100"
leave="duration-200 ease-in"
leave-from="opacity-100 scale-100"
leave-to="opacity-0 scale-95"
>
<DialogPanel> <DialogTitle>Deactivate account</DialogTitle> <!-- ... --> </DialogPanel>
</TransitionChild>
</Dialog> </TransitionRoot> </template> <script setup> import { ref } from 'vue' import {
TransitionRoot,
TransitionChild,
Dialog, DialogPanel, DialogTitle, }
from '@headlessui/vue' const isOpen = ref(true) function setIsOpen(value) { isOpen.value = value }
</script>

To learn more about transitions in Headless UI, read the dedicated Transition documentation.

When the Dialog's open prop is true, the contents of the Dialog will render and focus will be moved inside the Dialog and trapped there. The first focusable element according to DOM order will receive focus, although you can use the initialFocus ref to control which element receives initial focus. Pressing Tab on an open Dialog cycles through all the focusable elements.

When a Dialog is rendered, clicking outside of the DialogPanel will close the Dialog.

No mouse interaction to open the Dialog is included out-of-the-box, though typically you will wire a <button /> element up with a click handler that toggles the Dialog's open prop to true.

CommandDescription

Esc

Closes any open Dialogs

Tab

Cycles through an open Dialog's contents

Shift + Tab

Cycles backwards through an open Dialog's contents

When a Dialog is open, scroll is locked and the rest of your application UI is hidden from screen readers.

All relevant ARIA attributes are automatically managed.

The main Dialog component.

PropDefaultDescription
open
Boolean

Whether the Dialog is open or not.

initialFocus
HTMLElement

A ref to an element that should receive focus first.

asdiv
String | Component

The element or component the Dialog should render as.

staticfalse
Boolean

Whether the element should ignore the internally managed open/closed state.

unmounttrue
Boolean

Whether the element should be unmounted or hidden based on the open/closed state.

EventDescription
close

Emitted when the Dialog is dismissed (via outside click of the DialogPanel or by pressing the Escape key). Typically used to close the dialog by setting open to false.

Slot PropDescription
open

Boolean

Whether or not the dialog is open.

This indicates the panel of your actual Dialog. Clicking outside of this component will emit the close event on the Dialog component.

PropDefaultDescription
asdiv
String | Component

The element or component the DialogPanel should render as.

Render PropDescription
open

Boolean

Whether or not the dialog is open.

This is the title for your Dialog. When this is used, it will set the aria-labelledby on the Dialog.

PropDefaultDescription
ash2
String | Component

The element or component the DialogTitle should render as.

Slot PropDescription
open

Boolean

Whether or not the dialog is open.

This is the description for your Dialog. When this is used, it will set the aria-describedby on the Dialog.

PropDefaultDescription
asp
String | Component

The element or component the DialogDescription should render as.

Slot PropDescription
open

Boolean

Whether or not the dialog is open.

As of Headless UI v1.6, DialogOverlay is deprecated, see the release notes for migration instructions.

PropDefaultDescription
asdiv
String | Component

The element or component the DialogOverlay should render as.

Slot PropDescription
open

Boolean

Whether or not the dialog is open.

If you're interested in predesigned component examples using Headless UI and Tailwind CSS, check out Tailwind UI — a collection of beautifully designed and expertly crafted components built by us.

It's a great way to support our work on open-source projects like this and makes it possible for us to improve them and keep them well-maintained.